Scuba diving is extremely a must-do ocean activity, especially for those who love to explore the vast and beautiful sea landscapes underneath the blue water. Diving requires very minimal gears and equipment, unlike surfing.
You may start purchasing the basics first or may opt to move from renting gears to finally owning these gears to yourself. When you get the hang of it, it will be easier for you to purchase high end and technical gears. Ranging from a beginner to an adept diver, you definitely have to have the basics the market has to offer.
Your gears are supposed to protect you and keep you safe from whatever you’re your way on the ocean floor. However, scuba diving requires proper training. You have to learn the skills, absorb the knowledge and be well versed with the technical aspects of scuba diving.
Most importantly, equipping yourself with the right equipment and gear is the way to go!
It is a must that you find the different scuba diving gear and equipment to enjoy your time under the water. It doesn’t matter if you’re a beginner or an experienced scuba diver.
Everyone who wishes to do scuba diving will need to have high quality gears. Not only that you own them, but you also update yourself with knowledge on how to utilize them properly.
Covering large scale or distances, you will need more gears or accessories like the fins unlike when you just want to do recreational diving. Any diver should wish to get familiarized with the different diving equipment and gears and their uses.
We’ve provided you a good list of equipment and gear and everything you want to know about them. Be ready to witness the beautiful life forms and elements you wish to encounter.
If you’re yet unsure of what to bring to the beach, here’s what you got to have! Here’s a comprehensive list of diving gears and equipment for a guaranteed successful diving experience. Read on and be fully aware. I hope this helps in completing your scuba gear setup for your very exciting diving journey!
- Wetsuit or Drysuit
Every diver needs something to cover his or her body for protection. As the need for everyday clothing, a drysuit or a wetsuit is a must-have. It is what will primarily protect you from whatever lies underneath the sea. It is basically made of neoprene, a very elastic material that ensures warmth and defense against sharp objects and corals as you go your way to the bottom of the sea.
These may also have padding that helps prolong the life of the suit by reducing its wear and tear feature. Thinner wetsuits are advisable to be used in warmer waters while the thick ones are for the colder waters.
For wetsuits, the buoyancy and water temperature are some to be ticked in the considerations list. A wetsuit may affect the success or failing of a diving experience. One who is into surfing is used to wetsuits already but buying for a suit for scuba diving is quite a different aspect.
There is a different thickness of wetsuits for different types of water to dive into. For tropic water diving, the 3mm wetsuits are appropriate especially with summer surfers. But as you go deeper into the sea, the water temperature gradually drops and becomes much cooler.
7 mm wetsuits are applicable for cold water diving. 5mm wetsuits are a good choice for dives in the Red Sea and its surrounding areas. For dives around icy waters and extremely low temperatures, drysuits come in handy.
Drysuits may be made of neoprene or membrane. Neoprene suits provide more mobility but somewhat need a little skin for more insulation. Membrane suits may give you a hard time moving around but is highly insulated.
- Diving Mask
Human eyes would easily get irritated when it gets in contact with saltwater. It is a must that you purchase a diving mask. The ask will help you see clearly underwater where there awaits a bunch of amazing creatures.
One gets to consider the comfort the mask provides for the diver. Having high quality masks give you a more fun time under the sea. Get a new one that fits perfectly for a complete comfort all throughout the dive. it is available in different unique styles but always with the purpose of protecting the eyes underwater.
There are also different types of diving masks addressing the divers’ individual needs. Some may use the split lens type. Some may also be comfortable with a single lens.
Other divers may opt to use multiple lenses. It also comes with frame or without a frame. The mask skirts are also made from different materials.
A well-fitted mask may facilitate breathing underwater and holds the mask in place. The internal volume of the mask matters a lot for scuba divers and freedivers. This is to make sure that the mask is sealed against the diver’s face.
A diving gear setup has to have fins as an important component. As you go diving, you need something that will help you maneuver yourself through the water. The market offers basically two types of fins: open heel and full foot fins.
You can pick out a split or a blade from the two types under this category. It is important to note that when purchasing a pair of fins, consider comfort and efficiency. You can do a research if you want to be sure.
Fins come in handy for greater mobility in water. You may opt to choose the type of fins based on your preferred style and type of diving that you want to do. You can choose from the list below:
- Paddle shaped fins– These are commonly used by most divers ranging from beginners to experienced divers.
- Vented Fins– These fins allow water to pass when doing the recovery stroke, but it does not allow water during the power stroke. The vents near the foot pocket help in a more efficient move.
- Split Fin– Many divers use these fins to increase control and power when doing a flutter kick. They can cut through the water due to the small gaps in the middle of the fins. Unlike traditional paddle fins, split fins have a small gap in the middle of the fins. This needs less resistance to do.
- Free Diving fins– Their blades are at times made of fiberglass. At times, they are made from carbon fiber reinforcement. Freediving fins and paddle fins are alike but longer and stiffer. They easily get damaged due to their fragility. They are better used with full foot style.
- Open Heel fins- These fins can be used in all water types and temperatures. They are often partnered with dive booties that are open in the back. The foot pockets are normally made out of more rigid material than the foot pockets of full-footed fins.
- Full Foot fins– covering the whole foot, the full foot fins generally have softer foot pockets. They are usually worn without dive booties in warmer waters.
- Scuba Gloves
Scuba gloves are intended for protection from temperature and abrasions. These are made of durable materials, protecting the diver’s hands from punctures when exploring tricky environments like underwater caves. Like the suits, they also come in varying thicknesses.
Gloves may be chosen according to the type of dive that you are going to do. Their construction and composition are similar to those of a wetsuit. A thin layer of water is trapped between the skin and the material to prevent excessive loss of heat.
Scuba gloves keep your hands warm underwater and protect the palms and fingers.
Divers are advised to have snorkels when doing a dive, especially those who are beginners. But for experienced divers, they have the freedom to opt for one or not. This is for the purpose of having a safety gear and may be used as an alternative when you want to save up air you’re your scuba tank.
- Underwater Camera
This one is equipment that you can add to your list. Not really directly related to the success of a dive but an underwater camera may be useful in recording videos and taking of pictures. Who wouldn’t want to be able to document all the wonderful things that can be seen underneath the waves? Nowadays, divers opt to us GoPro cameras for that matter.
Waterproof housings and cases for the camera are available.
- Scuba Tank
This is the one that the divers carry on their backs that hold the pressurized gas. This diving cylinder tank distributes the pressurized gas through the regulator. Gas cylinders are composed of a pressure vessel and a cylinder valve. The pressure vessel is made of aluminum.
The cylinder valve controls the gas that is released from the cylinder. These cylinders need close supervision to prolong the diver’s life underwater. It contains the replacement pillar valves, protective meshes, carry handles, and valve dust covers.
This one’s equivalent to a diver’s life among the diving equipment given. It is composed of a breathing apparatus that allow the diver to store and transport a large number of gas mixtures such as Nitrox. This helps the diver retain air for breathing purposes when at the depths of the sea. They are either made from steel or from aluminum.
They have around 2000 to 3500 psi as maximum pressure. You may choose to just rent from the diving sites or invest for your own.
A diver’s tank wouldn’t be of great help without the regulator. It controls the pressurized gas that needs to be delivered to the diver to avoid a shortage of breathing.
The gas is released through a valve. This automatically cuts off the flow of a liquid or gas at a specific pressure. The regulator converts the high-pressured gas to ambient pressure to make it possible for a diver to breathe the air from the tank.
The first stage connects the tank or diving cylinder. The part of the regulator that you put on your mouth is called the second stage. The highest level of comfort and performance must be considered when trying to choose from a range of diving regulators. Take note of your diving needs.
Regulators come in three parts. The first to buy is the 1st Stage clamp, including the primary. This should be followed by an Alternate Air Source and then the Gauges. Most divers desire to buy their own personal regulator.
- Depth Gauge, Submersible Pressure Gauge, & Compass
The use of a depth gauge is to record the depth reached by a diver during a dive. records can be compared with the current and maximum performance of the diver. Meanwhile, monitoring your gas supply during your dive wouldn’t be a problem with the use of a submersible pressure gauge (SPG).
Its function is to project the amount of gas remaining in your scuba tank. A compass is very useful in navigation. It is important that the diver knows where he is, especially when they encounter a problem with regards to visibility underwater.
It keeps you on track of your dive sites and will ensure a more relaxed experience. These may come in two forms: the analog and the digital one. You can also buy one that combines all three in one device. It is called a 3-gauge console.
- Dive Computer
For the purpose of securing the safety of a diver, it will be an advantage to have diving computers. This is not only used for GPS and will allow the diver to stay underwater for a long time. This also calculates the length of your stay underwater.
This can measure the depth of your dive and your ability to stay underwater. To ensure a safe and smooth dive, a diver may use a dive computer with the three-gauge console. It is still better to purchase a diving computer because it is costly to rent one.
The bends and decompression sickness are serious worries for scuba divers and dive computers may be of great help for measuring the time needed at each level of ascent, in order for the gasses in the body to dissipate safely. Very handy diving computers are now available. A dive computer can be wrist-mounted.
It may also be console-mounted. Others may be integrated into the diver’s mask. Dive cameras are wireless but have the ability to send information and data to the device about the tank pressure. Diving computers have to be used with compatible nitrox.
Purchasing these computers may need a large sum of money. But taking note of how you can save as you go along your diving journey will be a great buy.
- Buoyancy Compensator
A Buoyancy Control Device or BCD is the term used for the jackets worn by scuba divers. Their function is to control and adjust their buoyancy. It shows the position of the divers in relation to those at the surface. This helps by adding and removing air to and from an integrated bladder within the jacket.
The neutral buoyancy in the ocean may be changed by adjusting its volume. This allows for the diver’s ascend and descend. BCDs may be lightweight that makes it easy to carry around. There is also a heavy-duty BCD used by cold water divers.
This is integrated into the jacket, providing a lot of lift features D locks. You may use a BCD to keep you from floating up the surface. It helps you avoid sinking to the bottom of the sea. If you want to rise, you can add air to the BC’s internal bladder.
On the other hand, when you want to sink deeper, you can release a certain amount of air. To secure your essential scuba diving equipment, buoyancy compensators may also have pockets and straps.
There are other things that one may need in scuba diving. Here’s a list of accessories that you can add to your setup:
- Buddy Line
This is a short length of line or webbing around two meters that has a small central float. It is used as an aid to two divers diving together to avoid separation in case of low visibility underwater.
Light is an important element for a diver to be able to see underneath. You should always attach a torch on your BSD or suit, and an extra one may be of great help at times.
These are hoods that may be detachable from the wetsuit. Take note that the hood should be of equal thickness with that of your wetsuit. Make sure to use appropriate hoods for the correct temperature.
- Tank Bangers
You may also want to add a tank banger in your setup. This can be wrapped around your cylinder. By snapping the hard material against your tank, these can be used to make noise, especially when you want to get the attention of your diving buddy.
This may help you warn your co-drivers of approaching danger or the presence of an underwater creature. These are also good safety devices to bring during a dive as enhancers of communication underwater.
There are times when you experience fogged diving masks hindering your sense of sight during a dive. this may lessen the enjoyment that you feel during a diving experience. In this situation, it’s important to use a defogger to address this problem. Other products may also be used as alternatives like a baby shampoo or you can just spit on it.
- Writing Slates
Writing underwater is made possible with the use of writing slates. These are white pieces of plastic accompanied by special underwater pencils for writing. They’re helpful in communicating without making a sound. These may also be used to write specific details about anything. Available in the market are wrist slates and erasable magnetic slates.
- Dive Knives
A diving knife can be used to release you from entanglements while exploring the bottom of the sea. It’s good to carry a diving knife for safety purposes. It could either be made of titanium or stainless steel. Dive knives can have either a sharp cutting edge or a serrated (sawing) edge.
When divers get entangles in fishing lines and underwater plants, they can use the knives to cut them and free themselves. These can also be used to make noise with the tanks to call another diver’s attention.
- Dive Logbook
For safety or personal purposes, it is good to keep track of all your previous dives. With this, a dive logbook may come in handy. It may contain the basic details and information about your series of dives. And all your observations.
You may also note problems that you may have encountered during each dive. You also list down the equipment you use for a particular dive and more. Your record may also include wildlife encounters and other aspects of the dive.
While some may consider this as an unnecessary item to have, but most novice divers get to keep track of their experiences and dives when they start their careers as they record improvements in the diving records.
These records may also be helpful when they want to take additional courses or when diving at a spot they used to dive. Some also use their computers to keep their records.
- First Aid Kit
It is a must for an adventurous person to have a first aid kit with him. It is always a smart move to always bring the kit in case of emergencies. At times for yourself or maybe for your co-divers.
Different things must be included in the kit, from pain relievers to treatments for allergies. It must also include those that may help treat wounds. Emergency reflective blankets may also be of help.
You need not right away have all these at once. Consider your diving preferences when finally deciding what to include in your scuba gear setup. Good luck on your next diving adventure!